VAT system and COVID-19 levy in Ghana

How the VAT System with COVID-19 Levy works

Edward Neequaye

There has been the imposition of a special levy known as the COVID-19 Health Recovery Levy on goods and services and imports. This new levy is mainly to help to raise revenue to support COVID-19 expenditures.

According to the Ghana Revenue Authority, this new levy, which comes into effect from May 1, 2021 will be an addition to the sales taxes we currently have.

How does this change the structure of sales taxes?

The COVID-19 Levy is a 1% addition to both the current VAT Standard and the VAT Flat Rates. Currently the VAT Standard works as:

GETFUND – 2.5%
NHIL – 2.5%
VAT – 12.5%

With the new levy, this changes to:

GETFUND – 2.5%
NHIL – 2.5%
COVID-19 Levy – 1%
VAT – 12.5

What does this mean for prices of goods and services?

Let’s illustrate how this new change affects prices of products and services. Say a product costs GHS1,000 and you want to determine the VAT to apply on it:

Old system:
Product Gross Cost – GHS1,000
NHIL (2.5%*1,000) – GHS25
GETFUND (2.5%*1,000) – GHS25
Sub-total (1,000+25+25) – GHS1,050
VAT (12.5%*1,050) – GHS131.25
Total price to customer (1,050 + 131.25) – GHS1,181.25

New system:
Product Gross Cost – GHS1,000
NHIL (2.5%*1,000) – GHS25
GETFUND (2.5%*1,000) – GHS25
COVID-19 Levy (1% *1,000) – GHS10
Sub-total (1,000+25+25+10) – GHS1,060
VAT (12.5%*1,060) – GHS132.50
Total price to customer (1,060 + 132.50) – GHS1,192.5

This means that the new effective compound standard VAT rate is 19.25% (192.5/1,000*100), which is 1.125% more than the old effective rate of 18.125% (118.25/1,000*100).

Also, the VAT Flat rate changes from 3% to 4%, with the increment being the 1% COVID Levy

Just like NHIL and GETFUND, the COVID-19 Levy is non-recoverable, meaning GRA will not allow you to deduct it as an input tax.

1 Comment

  1. Baffour Agyei
    December 21, 2021

    A brief informative read.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

More great articles

Valentine Gifts

Built Accounting’s Valentine Gift Guide

It's Valentine again! A season of love! This Valentine we are excited to show you some special deals, offers and…

Read Story
accounting services software

How can the use of accounting software help my business to grow?

There are two ways that a business can account for its transactions: manually through the use of notebooks/exercise books or…

Read Story
Built accounting services

Investing well

Continuous availability of financial resources, especially cash is key to the survival of every business, including yours. George S. Clason,…

Read Story

Never miss a minute

Get regular dose of finance, tax and accounting insights delivered directly to your inbox
[contact-form-7 id="217" title="Simple Subscribe Form"]